Origins

Boxing has evolved into a sport from the need of self-preservation. Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics in the pyramids depicts the first recorded description of boxing that dates back to 3000 BC. Depictions of fist-fights in Sumer, Mesopotamia dates back to around the same time.

In the tomb of Vizier Ptah-hotep, a pyramid builder, is a depiction of six young men boxing and wrestling. This tomb dates to around 2300 BC. The Minoan civilization on the island of Crete depicted boxing in wall murals and sculptures dating back to 2000-1200 BC.

In 688 BC, the Greeks added boxing to the Olympics in honor of Patroklos, the slain friend of Achilles. Originally, the combatants wrapped straps of leather around their fist for protection. These wraps eventually evolved into a pre-wrapped leather thong known as a himante. The boxing continued in the Olympics every four years until 393 AD when the Emperor of Greece, Theodosius I, outlawed all Olympic games.

The Romans made boxing into a gladiator sport. The gladiators used a cestus instead of the Greek leather wraps. The cestus consisted of metal spikes wrapped around the fist. These fights usually ended in the death of one of the combatants. Boxers were forced to fight in a marked out area. This area was usually a circle inscribed upon the ground. This circle is where the term 'boxing ring' originates. Boxing was banned in Rome around 30 BC.

With the outlaw of boxing in Rome and Greece, boxing disappeared until interest was regained in 17th century England. A collection of English poems describes boxing in 1637. In 1681, an English newspaper described a boxing match between the Duke of Albermarle’s Footman and a butcher. Early English boxing not only included fighting with fist but also other weapons. Participants were often described as being bloody and cut. In 1725, two women were pitted against a gentlemen and another woman. The team of the two women won the prize of £40.

John ‘Jack’ Broughton introduced the first rules of boxing in 1743. These rules soon became the standard for all boxing matches in England. Some of the rules included: a timed count when a boxer was knocked down; the introduction of an umpire; and no fighter shall be struck after a knock down.

Marquis of Queensberry Rules

John Graham, an Englishman, defined the Marquis of Queensberry rules in 1865. These rules included the use of gloves, the use of timed rounds, the ten second count, and did not allow wrestling or grabbing. Many of these rules are used in modern boxing.

  • A 10 second count is given to a fighter that falls. If the fighter did not return to his feet in the 10 seconds the referee shall proclaim the other fighter as the victor.
  • Only the fighters are to be allowed in the ring. Receiving any kind of help during the fight shall be considered a reason for disqualification.
  • If the fight is stopped for any reason, the referee shall name a place and time for the resumption of the fight. If both fighters agree, instead of a continuance, the match maybe considered a draw or tie.
  • Boots and shoes with springs shall not be used during the fight.
  • Any fighter whose back is against the ropes while his toes are not in contact with the ground shall be considered knocked down by the opponent and a ten second count shall ensue.
  • Boxing gloves shall be new and of good quality.
  • If a boxer is struck while being on one knee, the striker shall be disqualified and the one that is struck receives the prize money.
  • Only fists shall be used and any wrestling or clinching is not allowed.
  • Rounds shall be timed at three minutes with a sixty second break between rounds.
  • If the boxer gloves becomes unusable or comes off during the fight, the referee shall require the boxer to replace them.
  • If a rule is not mentioned, the London Prize Ring rules shall be used.
  • The ring size shall be 24’ by 24’.

  • Boxing Weight Chart

    Heavyweight: Unlimited
    Cruiserweight: Limit - 200 pounds
    Light Heavyweight: Limit - 175 pounds
    Super Middleweight: Limit - 168 pounds
    Middleweight: Limit - 160 pounds
    Junior Middleweight: Limit - 154 pounds
    Welterweight: Limit - 147 pounds
    Junior Welterweight: Limit - 140 pounds
    Lightweight: Limit - 135 pounds
    Super Featherweight: Limit - 130 pounds
    Featherweight: Limit - 126 pounds
    Super Bantamweight: Limit - 122 pounds
    Bantamweight: Limit - 118 pounds
    Super Flyweight: Limit - 115 pounds
    Flyweight: Limit - 112 pounds
    Junior Flyweight: Limit - 108 pounds
    Minimumweight: Limit - 105 pounds