General Information

A disabled person is a person who is restricted from doing important tasks in traditional ways because of a medical condition. The definition of disabled varies widely from just those who cannot complete certain everyday tasks to all those who are disabled from completing any task because of a medical condition.

Many people who are in some way restricted by a disability are often discriminated against, and this discrimination is known as ableism. However, as a result of the disability rights movement and several human rights initiatives, society is becoming more accepting of disability.

Physical or Sensory Disabilities

Mobility Impairment - These are conditions resulting in restricted movement, and including Paralysis, amputation (especially of limbs), Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Cerebral Palsy, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Osteoarthritis or Stroke.

Visual Impairment - These are conditions that restrict sight and the ability to see. They include Blindness, Low vision, Color blindness and Cataract.

Hearing Impairment - These are conditions that may restrict the sense of hearing and sound. They include Chronic disease, Cancer, AIDS, Renal failure, Cystic fibrosis, Tuberculosis, Diabetes, Hypoglycemia and Chronic fatigue syndrome.

Other Impairments - Other conditions that may cause a physical disability or restriction are spinal cord injuries or traumatic injuries to the brain.


Mental or Psychiatric Disabilities

Phobias - Phobias are fears of certain things. Almost everyone suffers from some form of this impairment. The most common phobias are Arachnophobia, Anthrophobia, Aerophobia, Agoraphobia, Claustrophobia, Acrophobia, Cancerophobia, Astraphobia, Necrophobia, Cardiophobia and Dental phobia.

Other Impairments - Other mental disabilities include learning disability, Alzheimer's disease, Anxiety Disorder, depression, Bipolar disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Schizophrenia.


Other Disabilities

Developmental Disabilities - Developmental disabilities include Dyslexia, Down syndrome, Attention-Deficit Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Hyperactivity and Autism.

Other Disabilities - As a result of drug use, disabilities can be caused. These included Alcoholism, Nicotine addiction and other forms of drug addictions. Dementia is also a type of disability.