Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others being Ecuador and Venezuela). A 40-year insurgent campaign to overthrow the Colombian Government escalated during the 1990s, undergirded in part by funds from the drug trade. Although the violence is deadly and large swaths of the countryside are under guerrilla influence, the movement lacks the military strength or popular support necessary to overthrow the government. An anti-insurgent army of paramilitaries has grown to be several thousand strong in recent years, challenging the insurgents for control of territory and illicit industries such as the drug trade and the government's ability to exert its dominion over rural areas. While Bogota steps up efforts to reassert government control throughout the country, neighboring countries worry about the violence spilling over their borders.

Further Information

Related websites

Surface Area: 1,138,910 square km
Population: 42,310,775 (July 2004 est.)
Located in: Northern South America
Capital City: Bogota
Head of State: Alvaro URIBE Velez
Prime Minister: Alvaro URIBE Velez
Independent since: 20 July 1810 (from Spain)
Currency: Colombian peso (COP)
Flag (image):