Arizona is a state in the Western United States. It is estimated to be the second fastest growing state behind New Mexico. The capital of Arizona is Phoenix. The most populous city is Phoenix followed by Tucson and Mesa. It is the among the twenty most populous states in the nation with a population of 5,130,632 according to the 2000 census.

The state name may have originated from a combination of two words from the Papago Indian dialect of the Pima language, "Aleh" and "Zon" together meaning "little spring."


The state is in the Mountain census region. It has a surface area of 113,998 square miles, and 0.32% of the surface area is covered by water.

More: Arizona Geography


The first documented European exploration of the area was by Father Marcos de Niza in 1539. In 1752 Juan Batiste de Anza and Spanish settlers established the first permanent European Settlement, a garrison at Tubac Presidio in present day Tubac, Arizona.

More: Arizona History

Business and Economy

The economic product of the Arizona in 2003 was 182 billion dollars. Electronic equipment and electronics manufacturing are notable industries.

More: Arizona Business and Economy

Society and Culture

The US Census Bureau estimated the State’s population in 2003 to be 5,580,811. The state experienced an estimated growth of 8.8% between 2000 and 2003.

Wyatt Earp and three of his brothers, together with Doc Holliday, became famous in the O.K. Corral gunfight, which happened at Tombstone Arizona in 1881. A person from Arizona is called an Arizonan or Arizonian. The state is nicknamed the Apache State. Its tourism slogan is “The Grand Canyon State”.

More: Arizona Society and Culture

Regional Area
Surface: 114006 square miles
Population: 5,130,632
Located in: United States
Area Code: 480 - 520 - 602 - 623 - 928
President/Governor: Jane Dee Hull (R)
Flag/Coat of Arms: