Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then, the principality's mild climate, splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center.
Surface Area: 1,81 sq km
Population: 32,270 (July 2004 est.)
Located in: Southern France
Capital City: Monaco
Head of State: Prince ALBERT II
Prime Minister: Patrick LECLERCQ
Independent since: 1419