Lithuania lies in the eastern Europe, on the coast of the Baltic Sea. In the north Lithuania borders with Latvia, in the east and south with Byelorussia, in the south-west with Poland and with the Kaliningrad region of the Russian Federation. Lithuania has a coast line 99 km to the Baltic Sea.

Independent between the two World Wars, Lithuania was annexed by the USSR in 1940. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but Moscow did not recognize this proclamation until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993. Lithuania subsequently has restructured its economy for eventual integration into Western European institutions. It will accede to the EU in May 2004 and to NATO in the summer of 2004.

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Surface Area: 65,200 sqare km
Population: 3,607,899 (July 2004 est.)
Located in: Eastern Europe
Capital City: Vilnius
Head of State: Valdas ADAMKUS
Prime Minister: Algirdas Mykolas BRAZAUSKAS
Independent since: 11 March 1990
Currency: Litas (LTL)
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