General Information

Backgammon is a traditional board game.


This game is played by two players.


Players try to be the first to gather their pieces into one corner and then try to remove them from the board.


Each player has 15 pieces on the board. The game also involves a pair of dice.

Automatic Doubles

A rule, sometimes used in money play and Chouettes and never in match play. When automatic doubles are in effect, if the first roll (where each player rolls one dies) is a double, the cube is turned one level. Sometimes there can be a limit of, say, one or two doubles. This rule has no effect except to increase the stakes at random, which adds to the excitement of gambling for some players.

Bearin phase

The phase of the game in which you are bringing all your checkers to your inner board. Usually, but not necessarily, this term would be applied when your opponent has at most one point from which he could possibly hit you.

Backgammon Blitz

A game plan where you hit your opponent aggressively in your inner board, often hitting loose, hoping that before he hits you back too many times you can make several points and perhaps even close him out.

Closeout position

A position where your opponent has one or more checkers on the bar and you have made all the points in your inner board, so he can't move. A closed board is when you have all the points in your inner board made.

Crawford Rule

Named for Johnny Crawford, a rule used universally in match play. When one player reaches a score where he needs one point to win the match, his opponent may not double in the next game only. Most online software is set up to not allow such doubles. In real-life tournaments, rules vary as to what happens if an illegal double is made. Most players take the cube off the board at the beginning of the Crawford game.

Backgammon Equity

"Equity" is the value of ownership. In backgammon, it means either the value of your game, or your chances of winning the match.

Holding Game

A game in which you have one point made over which your opponent's checkers have to pass before getting off, and except for that, your checkers have all passed your opponent's. Usually you are trailing in the race, but slightly enough that a big set of doubles (if you are able to use them to escape your back checkers) will make you more or less even.


A game where you hold two (or sometimes three) points in your opponent's board, and he has a lead in the race. You hope to make points in your board and eventually your back checkers make some of his rolls awkward to play, so you hit him one or more times and you have already made it hard for him to come back in. Backgames can often be won even though you are far behind in the race, but they also lead to many gammons and even backgammons when they are lost. (See also "Holding Game.")


1. - Backgammon online resource for people playing for fun or gambling on the internet
2. - Wikipedia definition
3. - Wikipedia definition

Board Game
Genre: Abstract
Players: 2
Ages: All